Families in Action


Family with Adopted Children Taking WalkThere are many types of families. Each person defines his or her family in her own way. Not all families include a mother, father, and child. A family might include same sex parents, single parents, grandparents, aunts and uncles, cousins, siblings, and close friends. Positive supports can help families live happy and productive lives. Sometimes a positive support is used to improve the health and wellness of the entire family. Other positive supports help family members to care for an elderly parent. A positive support practice can be used to teach young children new social or emotional skills. Positive supports help family members learn how to empower an adult child with a disability to live a more independent life. Any family member can benefit from positive support. A positive support practice should take into account the culture and context of the family setting. Positive supports empower families to make changes that will improve quality of life for everyone living in the home.

In Depth


Minnesota Resources

Minnesota Adult Mental Health Assertive Community Treatment Information

Minnesota Standards for Assertive Community Treatment

Minnesota Assertive Community Treatment Dartmouth Assertive Community Treatment Scale

National Resources

Assertive Community Treatment Summary

Assertive Community Treatment Implementation Manual—The Evidence-based Treatment Guide from The Center for Evidence-based Practices and Its Ohio Assertive Community Treatment Coordinating Center of Excellence

Article on Fidelity of Implementation: Tool for Measurement of Assertive Community Treatment 
Monroe-DeVita, M., Teague. G.B., & Moser, L.L. (2011). The TMACT: A New Tool for Measuring Fidelity to Assertive Community Treatment. Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association, 17: 17 DOI: 10.1177/1078390310394658

Cost Effectiveness of Assertive Community Treatment
Clark, R. E., Teague, G. B., Ricketts, S. K., Bush, P. W., Xie, H., McGuire, T. G., … Zubkoff, M. (1998). Cost-effectiveness of assertive community treatment versus standard case management for persons with co-occurring severe mental illness and substance use disorders. Health Services Research, 33(5 Pt. 1), 1285–1308.

Additional Stories

Gil’s Story

Aaron’s Story

Minnesota Resources

Minnesota Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PACER Center)

Encouraging Your Child’s Success

National Resources

When Things Get Out of Control: Managing Escalating Behavior by Meme Hieneman & Milissa Yeagley 

Read More Articles, Visit the Association for Positive Behavior Support Families Page

Positive Behavior Support Research with Families

Vaughn, B.J. Clarke, S., & Dunlap, G. (1997). Assessment-based intervention for severe behavior problems in a natural family context. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 30, 713-716.

The Wraparound Process User’s Guide for Families

Association for Positive Behavior Support—Families Page

Additional Case Study Summaries from Research

Parents’ Guide to Functional Assessment

Tobin, T. J. (2005). Parents’ guide to functional assessment (Third edition). University of Oregon, College of Education, Educational and Community Supports, Eugene. Retrieved May 7, 2009,

Tips for Parents: How to Get Behavior Supports into the IEP

Beach Center: Operation Positive Change: PBS in an urban Context

Impact: Sexuality Feature Issue on Sexuality and People with Intellectual, Developmental and Other Disabilities

Impact: Feature Issue on Parenting Teens and Young Adults with Disabilities

Social Policy Report– Autism Spectrum Disorders: Diagnosis, Prevalence, and Services for Families (2010)

Indiana Resource Center– Positive Behavior Supports Creating Meaningful Life Options for People with ASD (Carr & Pratt)