There are many types of families. Each person defines his or her family in her own way. Not all families include a mother, father, and child. A family might include same sex parents, single parents, grandparents, aunts and uncles, cousins, siblings, and close friends. Positive supports can help families live happy and productive lives. Sometimes a positive support is used to improve the health and wellness of the entire family. Other positive supports help family members to care for an elderly parent. A positive support practice can be used to teach young children new social or emotional skills. Positive supports help family members learn how to empower an adult child with a disability to live a more independent life. Any family member can benefit from positive support. A positive support practice should take into account the culture and context of the family setting. Positive supports empower families to make changes that will improve quality of life for everyone living in the home.
Assertive Community Treatment Implementation Manual—The Evidence-based Treatment Guide from The Center for Evidence-based Practices and Its Ohio Assertive Community Treatment Coordinating Center of Excellence
Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development Article on ACT
Assertive Community Treatment and Motivational Interviewing
Manthey TJ, Blajeski S & Monroe-DeVita M. (2012). Motivational Interviewing and Assertive Community Treatment: A Case for Training ACT Teams. International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation. Vol 16(1) 5-16.
Article on Fidelity of Implementation: Tool for Measurement of Assertive Community Treatment
Monroe-DeVita, M., Teague. G.B., & Moser, L.L. (2011). The TMACT: A New Tool for Measuring Fidelity to Assertive Community Treatment. Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association, 17: 17 DOI: 10.1177/1078390310394658
Cost Effectiveness of Assertive Community Treatment
Clark, R. E., Teague, G. B., Ricketts, S. K., Bush, P. W., Xie, H., McGuire, T. G., … Zubkoff, M. (1998). Cost-effectiveness of assertive community treatment versus standard case management for persons with co-occurring severe mental illness and substance use disorders. Health Services Research, 33(5 Pt. 1), 1285–1308.
Vaughn, B.J. Clarke, S., & Dunlap, G. (1997). Assessment-based intervention for severe behavior problems in a natural family context. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 30, 713-716.
Carr, E. G. (2007). The Expanding Vision of Positive Behavior Support: Research Perspectives on Happiness, Helpfulness, Hopefulness. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 9(1), 3-14.
Tobin, T. J. (2005). Parents’ guide to functional assessment (Third edition). University of Oregon, College of Education, Educational and Community Supports, Eugene. Retrieved May 7, 2009,
Culturally Sensitive Collaboration within Person-Centered Planning (2003), Kimberly J. Callicott