Positive Behavior Support and Preventing Problem Behavior Using the Public Health Model

Positive Behavior Support and Preventing Problem Behavior Using the Public Health Model2017-01-16T13:39:50+00:00

Project Description

an icon of an open bookIN DEPTH: Positive Behavior Support and Preventing Problem Behavior Using the Public Health Model

A key feature of positive behavior support is its emphasis on systems change. Considering larger organizational issues can be a helpful way to create a positive climate and prevent problem behavior. One way to think about positive behavior support and systems change is to consider the public health disease prevention model. This triangle describes how the model is used to promote wellness and decrease the occurrence of problematic social behavior across three prevention levels. Data are collected at all three prevention levels to guide implementation efforts.

This image shows a public health model for preventing problem behaviors.

Primary Prevention includes universal strategies for supporting all of the people living or working in a home, organization, or community setting. The goal of primary prevention is to implement strategies that will naturally prevent problem behavior from occurring. These strategies are used to establish positive interactions within a setting by identifying, practicing, and reinforcing important social expectations and life values that are culturally relevant to the home, organization, or community setting.
Secondary Prevention strategies include early identification and intervention for minor problems that are occurring in a setting. The goal at the secondary prevention level is to establish simple interventions that address the reason why minor problem behavior is occurring. Simple problem-solving strategies are used to encourage communication, address mental health-related concerns, and change events or situations to decrease the likelihood of problem behavior.
Tertiary Prevention strategies are used to address chronic and severe social problems or mental illness. Positive behavior support planning can be used as a helpful process to support people who are experiencing greater challenges in their lives. Tertiary Prevention includes person-centered planning, functional behavioral assessment, and function-based interventions.