Overview

Woman smiles down at young girl in wheelchair on her first day of school

Many School-linked Mental Health programs are considered positive supports. Children and youth spend a large part of the day in school settings. Creating opportunities for mental health services to be offered in schools can make it easier to help children and youth. Families do not need to schedule times to visit a clinic or hospital since children can get help during the school day. When children and youth do not get mental health supports that they need, they struggle in school and later in life. Offering mental health supports at school can make it easier to prevent difficulties and to provide help as early as possible so problems don’t get worse. There are many different kinds of School-linked Mental Health programs so it is important to ask questions and learn more about the goals of each program. Some mental health programs include universal strategies for increasing the health of all children and youth or to address problems within a community. Other mental health programs provide individualized interventions for children at risk for or who have a mental illness.

In Depth

Resources

School-based Mental Health
Kutash, K., Duchnowski, A. J., & Lynn, N. (2006). School-based mental health: An empirical guide for decision-makers. Tampa, FL: University of South Florida, The Louis de la Parte Florida Mental Health Institute, Department of Child & Family Studies., Research and Training Center for Children’s Mental Health.

A Framework for Successful Schools

Advancing Education Effectiveness: Interconnecting School Mental Health and School-wide Positive Behavior Support
Development of an Interconnected Systems Framework for School Mental Health
Center for School Mental Health

Article: Barriers to Implementation of School-based Mental Health
Langley, A. K., Nadeem, E., Kataoka, S. H., Stein, B. D., & Jaycox, L. H. (2010). Evidence-Based Mental Health Programs in Schools: Barriers and Facilitators of Successful Implementation. School Mental Health, 2(3), 105–113.

Article: Integration of Education and Mental Health
Integration of Education and Mental Health in Schools. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, 37,(1), 40-47.